Question: During the process of IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation, for ‘test tube babies’), ‘extra’ embryos (fertilised eggs) are  donated to other potential mothers,  donated for research,  kept frozen indefinitely or  destroyed. Is any of these equivalent to killing, according to the Buddhist teachings?
Answer: As an egg being successfully fertilised is exactly when consciousness of a sentient being enters meeting of the duo, if choice  leads to destruction, as  does, these two are forms of killing. Below are some Buddhist ways to conceive ethically.
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