< Gankyil: Symbol of the Trikaya
Question: Is the Christian Trinity the same as the Buddhist concept of the Trikaya (Three Bodies of Buddhas 三身)?
Answer: Please see the below for their differences with reference to omnipotence, omnipresence, omni-benevolence and omniscience. (Note that Buddhism does not subscribe to belief in the Trinity or eternal hell.)
Brief Comparison of Trinity & Trikaya
The Trinity is supposed to be an omnipotent creator,
yet it cannot prevent suffering from arising and proliferating.
The Trikaya is the greatest possible power, but it is not omnipotent,
as only nature is the natural and truly omnipotent creator.
Holy Spirit: Never in realms like hell, where the eternally god-forsaken are.
Quote: ‘… Depart from me (Jesus), ye cursed, into everlasting fire (of hell)…’ – Matthew 25:41
Dharmakaya 法身: Universal Body of all Buddhas that pervades all space and time to guide beings who are ready.
The Holy Spirit is supposed to be able to be in many places, yet not in hell.
The Dharmakaya is omnipresent with perfect compassion for all beings.
Father (God): Only one, who is sometimes wrathful.
Quotes: ‘Hear, Israel: Yahweh is our God; Yahweh is one: and you shall love Yahweh your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.’ – Deuteronomy 6:4-5
‘Serve the Lord (God) with fear and trembling, kiss his feet or else he will get angry and you will perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled.’ – Psalms 2:11
Sambhogakaya(s) 报身: Countless welcoming Reward Bodies of Buddhas reside in Pure Lands to guide beings.
The Father is supposed to be omni-benevolent yet wrathful to many.
The Buddhas are omni-benevolent with perfect compassion for all beings.
Son (Jesus): Only one, who is sometimes wrathful.
Quotes: ‘For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.’ – John 3:16
‘Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.’ – Matthew 10:34
Nirmanakaya(s) 应化身: Countless manifestations of Buddhas guide beings.
The Son is supposed to be omniscient, yet he laments on being forsaken by his Father when crucified.
The Buddhas are omniscient, and never lament about personal suffering.
Trikaya (Three Bodies of Buddhas)